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Early Nidderdale Horners
Fountains Abbey
Horners of Little Ribston
Early Ripon Horners
Ripon Wakemen
Other Early Horners 

The Nidderdale and Ripon Horners

Other Horners from the Pateley Bridge area moving into Skipton in the early nineteenth century also appear to come from Stonebeck Up, Fountains Earth, Middlesmoor and West House. All these lands were old Mowbray estates in Middlesmoor chapelry.

       Middlesmoor chapelry in Kirkby Malzeard parish was granted to Bylands Abbey by Roger Mowbray who had lands and a castle at Kirkby Malzeard [1] . At that time, the honour of Kirkby Malzeard was equivalent to the Parish [2] .

Roger d’Albini had taken the name Mowbray in the 1100s and had held lands and Castles in Thirsk and Kirkby Malzeard [3] . He had founded Bylands and Newburgh Abbeys. He married Alice Gaunt, the widow of Ilbert de Lacy [4] . He rebelled against Henry II in 1174 and his castles at Thirsk and Kirkby Malzeard were destroyed. If the Horners had originally worked with Horn and worked for a Lord of a castle, they would have been based near the Mowbray’s castles [5] . It is therefore highly likely that the Horners were at Thirsk and Kirkby Malzeard by 1174.

The Mowbrays appear to have kept their lands in Thirsk and based their households there, but the First Lord Mowbray was buried in Fountains Abbey in 1297 [6] . Through fortuitous marriages, the Mowbrays increased their status and territory. They were created Lords of Mowbray in the thirteenth century and Earls of Nottingham by 1381, and Dukes of Norfolk in 1397 [7] . The male line died out in the Wars of the Roses in 1475, but the female line continued [8] .

Early Nidderdale Horners

In 1297, an Adam le Horner, also known as Adam le Harpour, is recorded in the subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire [9] . This may be the same Adam le Horner recorded as a Freeman of York in 1333 [10] . It is highly probable that this Adam was a hornblower and perhaps a music maker at the Mowbray court. It is highly possible that the Mowbrays gifted land to Fountains Abbey on which the Horners lived and worked [11] . Therefore, the Horners could have become tenants of Fountains and Bylands Abbeys through the endowment of the Abbey. Alternatively, they could have worked and lived on lands, which were held by the Aldfields, who were possibly feofees of the larger Mowbray honour. Other early Horners are listed below.

       According to tradition, these Horners of Upper Nidderdale originated from Wooddale, in the parish of Kirkby Malzeard, at the head of the dale in the fourteenth century [22] . However, by the fourteenth century the Horners were also found in Aldfield, in Ripon parish.

       In the early fourteenth century, a Simon Horner was a witness to an exchange of land in Ripon [23] . This may be the same Simon Horner who is recorded in York in the parish of St Samson in 1381 and 1397 [24] . Horners also owned land in the fourteenth century. A William Horner held land in Aldfeld, in the parish of Ripon, in 1317, and his son Reginald Horner of Stodelay held three acres in Maloufeld in Aldefeld in 1355 [25] . A John Horner, who may or may not be connected with these Horners held a greater parcel of land in Aldfeld [26] . He too is described as ‘of Stodeley’ and granted one acre of land to Robert the smith of Aldfeld in the early fourteenth century [27] . This land was situated ‘where of part abuts the kings highway between the vills of Aldefeld and Stodeley and the other parts abuts place called ‘Jeu’sdale’ [28] . This may be the area known as Nineveh between Aldfield and Studley today.

In the fine of Aldefeld in 1355, John Horner is recorded as holding 16 acres from the Lord of the manor. This lord would have been the Abbott of Fountains by 1352, but may have been John de Aldfeld previously [29] . Although the fine John Horner paid is not recorded, it would presumably have been of the order of two pence [30] .

The sixteen acres, which John Horner held in 1355, are interesting, as they would have constituted two oxgangs of land [31] . One oxgang was eight acres, which was the amount of land that a man could plough in a day. Two oxgangs were also called a yard land or a virgate, which was about the size of a croft or toft of land. Thirty to forty acres were also a croft or a toft. So, although it would appear that John Horner was resident at Stodeley, the land at Aldfeld was enough to support a family. In the same year, 1355 John Horner was also recorded as holding six acres in Malowfeld in Aldefeld, and being a witness to a grant of land by John de Aldfeld [32] . These earliest recorded Horners in Nidderdale probably held their lands from Fountains Abbey on condition that they fought against the Scots.

Fountains Abbey

       The monks of Fountains Abbey gained the township of Aldfield in 1352, and it is no surprise that no Horners are recorded in Aldfield in the Poll tax returns of 1379 [33] . The Cistercian monks of Fountains advocated a policy of depopulation, and the monks or the patron usually evicted the remaining villagers. Sometimes work was found elsewhere, but this did not always happen. Fountains Abbey had gained the neighbouring village of Sawley in the second half of the twelfth century, and Eustace FitzJohn had given land for Cayton Grange, near Cayton in 1172 [34] . The acquisition of Aldfield would appear to be a consolidation of their estates in this area. In the early fourteenth century, Nidderdale was hard hit by Plagues and invasions. In 1348, the Black Death hit England. Many villages disappeared, notably Cayton village in Ripon parish, which was depopulated and moved to Ripley in the fourteenth century by the Inglebys of Ripley Hall. The Plague reappeared in 1361-2. After the ravages of the Scots in 1314, 1316, 1318, a cattle plague in 1319-22 and two invasions by the Scots in 1322, this area must have been badly depopulated. The Black Death may have moved the Horners from Aldfield into Ripon or the Abbott of Fountains Abbey may have initiated the move.

Horners of Little Ribston

       The Horners appear to have moved from the Aldfield area towards Ripon and Harrogate. A Johannes Horner, Skynner, is recorded at Parva Ribston, Little Ribston, east of Harrogate in 1379 [35] . Little Ribston originally formed part of the lands of the Plumpton family, but in 1341 were inherited by the Middleton family of Stockeld [36] . What happened to these Horners of Little Ribston in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries is as yet uncertain, but a Henry Horner is recorded in 1526 as a tenant in Little Ribston of William Middleton of Stockeld [37] . This Henry Horner may be connected to the Henry Horne recorded in Flowers visitation as marrying the granddaughter of Richard first Earl de Rivers [38] . However, as this Henry Horne was probably born about 1416 the connection may be very distant [39] .

Early Ripon Horners

       Unsurprisingly, there are no Horners in Cayton, Aldfield or Ripley in the Poll tax returns of 1379, but an Adam Horner and his wife living in Westgate, a quarter of Ripon, paid 4d. He may have been a descendant of the John, William and Reginald Horner from the early part of the fourteenth century. As Westgate was in the fee of the Aldfield family in the early fourteenth century it is highly possible that Adam Horner had moved from Aldfield to Ripon at the request of his lord. Aldfield was only four miles from Ripon. By the end of the fourteenth century, some of these Horners were very much involved in the medieval cloth trade. Adam Horner was recorded in Ulnagers Rolls for 1394, selling 6 cloths for 2 shillings [40] .

            Adam Horner of Westgate appears to have thrived and his descendants continued in the cloth trade in Ripon. However, business was not always smooth. A Thomas Horner ‘de Kirkgait’ was hauled before the Chapter of Ripon on 30 March in 1454 for non-payment of his rent, to the lord Johannes Frankysh [41] . John Frankish was sub-treasurer of the church from 1453-57 [42] . Later on 15 June of the same year Thomas Horne claimed a debt of 4d. from a Jacob Newton of Ripon [43] .

Thomas seem to have climbed out of debt by the end of the year, but four years later in 12 May 1458 Thomas Horne ‘de Westgate’ owed an unspecified amount of money to lord Robert Forster, ‘capellani’ or chaplain [44] . Whether this was for rent or for goods unpaid for is at present uncertain. On 30 September of 1458, the same year Thomas Horner ‘de Westgatte’ was hauled before the Chapter for two outstanding debts [45] . In both these fines, Thomas Horner is described as a ‘scissor’ or a tailor, and the series of debts show capital expenditure for food and rent which he had not yet been able to recoup by sale of his finished goods. Thomas may have had two brothers, Jacob Horner of Westgate and Johannes Horner [46]

Ripon Wakemen

       At present the connection is not clear, but two Horners who were Wakemen of the City of Ripon may be related to this line of Horners, William Horner in 1525 and Nicholas or Ralph Horner in 1547 [47] .

       The Title of Wakeman is unique to Ripon and it is thought that they were originally known as Sheriffs or Bailiffs until about 1400 [48] . The Wakeman had ‘according to ancient custom’ to ‘cause a horn to be blown every night during the time he is in office at nine of the clock in the evening at the four corners of the cross in the Market Street and immediately afterwards to begin his watch and to keep and continue the same until three or four o’clock in the morning. And if it happen that any house or houses to be broken into on the Gatesyd within the town of Ripon….and any goods to be taken away or withdrawn out of said house…that then…the Wakeman…shall make good and satisfy unto the party wronged in such manner and to such value as by the said twelve brethren… [49] . The Wakeman had servants to help him in the task. The cost to inhabitants for this service was 4d for a house with a front and side or back door and 2d for a house with only one door. The Wakeman was also responsible for the due regulation of trade and marketing in the town. Those wishing to be apprenticed to a craftsman had to pay 12d to the Wakeman and ant stranger wishing to set up trade had to receive permission from the Wakeman or the Archbishop and then pay for the privilege. The Wakeman received assistance from the common purse to perform his duties and allowed a ‘certain due of corn called the Market sweepings’ and ‘Stallage from the two hread fairs’.

              The Wakeman wore The Horn on five days a year on Horn Days, i.e. Candle mass, Easter Monday, Wilfred Sunday, St Stephens Day. It is thought that the use of the Horn may originally have been a charter horn indicating land ownership, and legend would have it that the Horners of Ripon were the first Wakemen of Ripon. However, there is no evidence to substantiate this legend. These Horners originated from Nidderdale, were freemen and held their land under free tenure under Fountains Abbey [50] . After the dissolution of the monasteries, apparently the family lost influence and moved to Ripon [51] .

            Whatever, the reasons for the move, William Horner, Wakeman in 1525, left his badge on the belt of the official horn. His silver boss on the belt has a hatchet engraved on the crown, and W.Hor’ in black letters on the brim [52] . His family shield was ‘Argent three bugle horns sable, garnished or’. Apparently, al Horner aldermen of Ripon are descended from him.

       Nicholas Horner, Wakeman in 1547, appears to have held land in the prebend of Thorpe, cum Aismondeby near Ripon, held by the Chapter of Ripon [53] . In 1547-8, he was due to pay a rent of four shillings a year for his lands [54] . He was described as Nicholas Horner of Westgate in 1554-5 and appears to have had a mass sung in remembrance of his death on 23 April 1555 [55] . This may be the day of his death. In the Chamberlains accounts of the Cathedral the ‘Mortuaria’ of Nicholas Horner was listed as costing six shillings and eight pence [56] . This seems to indicate that Nicholas was buried in the cathedral and paid to have masses sung in a chantry. The prebend of Thorpe was sold to George Dawson in 1609 for £21 2/- 4d.. It is highly probable that this Nicholas Horner was the son of William Horner, wakeman of Ripon.

       Although records seem to be confused as to who held the office of Wakeman in 1547, Nicholas or Ralph, it would appear that Ralph may have been the son of Nicholas Horner of Westgate. Radulphi Horner was a tenant of the Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Ripon and in 1557-8 paid ‘Oblaciones pashae’ of 11 shillings and ten pence for lands he held in Givendale [57] . This Ralph Horner was one of the earliest owners of the burgage in Ripon Market Place [58] . Each burgage was for a craftsman and included a toft and a dwelling place [59] . The freemen paid rent to the Lord of the manor, which was the Archbishop. In 1532 in Ripon, there were 202 burgages and they paid 4d. a year in rent [60] .

Other Early Horners

In the thirteenth century, a William Horne or Hornes bore the shield ‘Or, three hunting horns in pale gules garnished sable’ which is very similar to that borne by the Wakemen of Ripon [12] . In 1302-3 a John de Horne was knighted as a banneret knight of the Bath by Edward I [13] . A Richard Horne was a clerk to Richard II and cited in 1399 and 1426 [14] . This Richard held lands in Barnardscastle in Middlesex [15] . A Thomas Horne of Lenham left a large quanitity of goods in his will in 1471 [16] . He may be related to Henry Horne [17] . A Richard Horne was left a bequest by John Lord Scrope, fourth Lord Scrope of Masham and Upsal [18] . In 1415 a John Horne was left an annuity of £10 a year for life from the manor of Hatfield in Doncaster by Edward Duke of York [19] In 1417 John Horn of Selby was a witness to the post mortem inquisition of Walter Talboys son of Henry Talboys [20] . In 1419 a William Horn of Askam was a witness to the inquisition post mortem of Miles Stapleton [21] .



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[1] The Parish of Kirkby Malzeard included the eight townships of Kirkby Malzeard, Azerley, Grewelthorpe, Hatwith cum Winsley, Laverton, Fountains Earth, Stonebeck Down and Stonebeck up. The last three were in the chapelry of Middlesmoor. See Upper Nidderdale with the Forest of Knaresborough, by Harry Speight, 1906, Elliott. Pp. 339-40.

[2] See Yorkshire Monasteries; Cloister Land and people, by Bernard Jennings, 1999, Smith and Settle, p. 13. By the twelfth century all of Nidderdale was held by Roger de Mowbray. He gave Brimham, Hartwith cum Winsley, Dacre and Bewerley and Fountains Earth to Fountains Abbey. Stonebeck up, Stonebeck Down and and the Forest of Nidderdale from Ramsgill to Middlesmoor was given to Byland Abbey.

[3] Roger was the eldest son of Nigel d’Albini who held lands in Northumberland and Yorkshire from Robert Mowbray Earl of Northumberland.  His father Nigel had married Matilda Aquilei, daughter of Robert Aquilei and the widow of Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland. William the Conqueror appointed Robert de Mowbray earl of Northumberland in 1081. He may have been related to the Norman Bishop of Coutances, Geoffrey de Mowbray, who came over with William in 1066. Geoffrey was part of the household court of William. Robert de Mowbray rebelled against William Rufus in 1088 and 1095. In 1095 he lost his lands, presumably it was at this time that Nigel d’Albini married Robert Mowbray’s widow. Nigel was living in 1118. He was the son of William ‘Pincerna’, and grandson of Roger d’Albini.

[4] She was the daughter of Walter de Gaunt. These Lacys may have been the Lacys of Pontefract.

[5] The name Horner is first seen in William le Hornare, 1275 Subsidy Rolls of Worcester, Matilda, Clement le Hornere 1279 Rotuli Hundredorum O, 1302 Letter Books of the City of London C. It is a derivative of Old English Horn, a maker of horn spoons, combs, etc. Later also a maker of musical Horns, and also one who blows horns, Adam le Horner 1297 Subsidy Rolls Yorkshire is also called le Harpour. The name Horne or Horn is first seen in Lifwine Horn 1066-86, Old English Bynames by GG. Tengvik, Aluunus Horne 1066 Domesday Book Middlesex, Wulmer, Herui, Robert Horn 1166 Pipe Rolls  Norfolk, 1185 Templars Somerset, 1197 Piperolls Suffolk. It is secondly a metonymic for Hornblower or Horner, e.g. Roger de Horne 1208 Curia Regis Rolls Surrey, William de la Horn 1261 Place names of Sussex 279, Thomas atte Horne 1327 Subsidy Rolls Somerset. From Horne (Rutland, Somerset, Surrey) or from residence near a spur or tongue of land or a bend, OE Horna. See A Dictionary of British Surnames by PH Reaney.

[6] Roger Mowbray's son Nigel, died 1191, and his grandson William, died 1222, was described as ‘of Thirsk’. William’s son another Roger married Maud daughter of William of Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and their son Roger became the 1st Lord Mowbray of Thirsk. He was buried in Fountains Abbey in 1297.

[7] Roger, the 1st Lord Mowbray of Thirsk had a son John, 2nd Lord, who was involved in the Revolt against Edward II in 1321, and he was executed in 1322. His lands in Gower on the Welsh marches had been given to Edward II’s favorite, Despenser. He had married the daughter of Thomas of Brotherton, brother of Edward II, and inherited the estates of the Bigod earl of Norfolk through this line.  In 1302 the Bigod earl of Norfolk had resigned his lands to the King, Edward I, in return for the payment of his debts. He was childless, so the estates were given to Thomas of Brotherton. After the confiscation in 1322, the estates were restored to John’s son John, the 3rd Lord by Edward III, in 1327. He married Joan daughter of Henry Plantagenet the 3rd Earl of Lancaster. Their son John, 4th Lord died in 1368. His son John was created Lord Segrave and Earl of Nottingham, but died in 1381-2. His brother Thomas became the 6th Lord Mowbray and was created the earl of Nottingham and in 1397 Duke of Norfolk. Thomas was an appellant lord against Richard II, but then became a loyalist Appellant in 1397. In 1399 he was banished from England for ten years. He would therefore have supported Bolingbroke.  He died in 1399. His son Thomas was executed in 1405 for rebelling against Henry IV. Thomas Mowbray, earl Marshall was tried before Chief Justice Gascoigne and executed. His body was interred at the Church of the Friars Minor in York.  His grandson John, died in bed in 1432-3, but his grandson, another John died at Towton in 1461-2. The last John Mowbray died in 1475.  

[8] The 6th Lords daughter Isabel married James, 5th Lord Berkeley. Their son William was created Earl of Nottingham, Marquis of Berkeley and owned lands in Axholme, Thirsk and Kirkby Malzeard.

[9] See A Dictionary of Surnames. An Adam de Horne is recorded in the early 1300s in Hipperholme graveship in the Manor of Wakefield as surrendering a messuage and 15 and a half acres at Fulstone to a John Theules and Alice his wife in the graveship of Holme. In 1339 an Alive Horner is recorded in Hipperholme at the Manor Courts of Wakefield trying to regain her dower lands from Alice and Richard keurhaud. Alice is described as being formerly the wife of Richard Horner. See Wakefield Court Rolls. The manor of Wakefield was originally granted to William Placetis son of  William the First Earl of  Warenne, in 1107. His daughter Isabel married Hamelin Plantagenet and their son William inherited the estates. Williams’s son John, Earl of Warenne died in 1321, when the lands went to Edmund Langley Earl of Cambridge. In the 1390s Edmund was created Duke of York . The lnds then stayed in the hands of the Dukes of York until the end of the fifteenth century when they were appropriated by the crown. At present the connection, if any, has not been ascertained. If associated then the Horners may have fought against Edward II in 1321.  This Richard Horner may be the same man as the Ricardus Horner, Pistor of York recorded in 1310 and 1334.  See York Horners pp??

[10] There is also a John Hornere recorded in Northumberland.  An Adam le Horne de Lichedone was recorded in the Assize rolls of 1256 as ‘subtraxerunt pro suspictione latrocinii, et omnes malecreduntur…catalla praedicti Adae Horne xxiis.’ See Northumberland Assize Roll, Henry III, 40. Other Hornes in the Northumberland Assize Rolls from the reign of Edward I, (1284). A Joannem Horn who was witness to a Richard Ker who had armed against Johannis Hertweyton. Richard Ker was fined twenty shillings.  Johannes le Hornere de Verperdene who may be the same man was sent to court on behalf of Alice, wife of Walter Liolf de Yekington in a dispute after Walters death with Hugo Galun and Adam his brother.  A William Rungebe de Mangna Bavington was also sent.Horners were also recorded in Yorkshire before 1250. See York Horners,

[11] In 1138 Roger of Mowbray and his mother Gundreda established a company of Savignac monks at Hood. Many of the first lay brothers were veteran knights of the Mowbray entourage. In 1142 this community moved to Byland on the Moor Township on land again gifted by Roger de Mowbray. In 1147 the same community moved to Stocking near Kilburn keeping the name Byland. This was the year in which Cistercian and Savignac movements merged. In 1177 the Cistercian Abbey of Byland moved to its final home in Byland, three miles east of Stocking. See Yorkshire Monasteries by Jennings, p. 17-19.

[12] See below p..??? In the general Armorial this coat of arms is very similar to the Hornes arms of ‘Ar.. three bugelhorns in pale gules’ Crest- A griffin serjantt ppr. Resting the foot on the shield of the arms.’ It would appear that Horner and Hornes are related.

[13] He was in the company of twelve other knights who were knighted including Robert de Ufford, and Phillip de Neville. In the Wakefield Manor Court Rolls a Henry Horne or Hornes is a juror on the court for Hipperholme in 1332, and an aletaster in 1331. In 1331-3 he also has a share of the demesne of Rastrick Mill. He paid over thirteen pounds for the shared demesne of the Mill in 1333. It is possible that these Hornes are connected.

[14] Special Collections: Ancient Petitions SC 8/128/6374  Walter Clopton; Richard Horne; Thomas [Strete]; Richard II, King of England; John Massey of Tatton, knight; John Mountagu (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury; [Henry of Monmouth], Prince [of Wales]. Nature of request: Elizabeth, widow of William Mountagu, Earl Date: 1399. SC ;SC 8  Special Collections: Ancient Petitions SC 8/128/6374  Walter Clopton; Richard Horne; Thomas [Strete]; Richard II, King of England; John Massey of Tatton, knight; John Mountagu (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury; [Henry of Monmouth], Prince [of Wales]. Nature of request: Elizabeth, widow of William Mountagu, Earl Date: 1399. Special Collections: Ancient Petitions Subseries within SC 8  PETITIONS TO THE KING; TO THE KING AND COUNCIL; TO THE COUNCIL; TO THE PARLIAMENT; AND THE LIKE. SC 8/25  1201-1250. Individual petitions are described and dated at Item level.Petitioners: Richard Hertcombe, esquire. Addressees: King and the lords in parliament. Places mentioned: Cirencester, [Gloucestershire]; Westminster; Hawarden, [Flintshire, Wales]; Chester, [Cheshire]; Bosley, Cheshire; Lee (Lea near Aldford), Cheshire; Neston, Cheshire; Mountehaute (Mold), [Flintshire, Wales]; Ireland. Other people mentioned: John Mountagu (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury; Thomas Mountagu (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury, son and heir of John Montagu; William Mountagu (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury; Walter Clopton; Richard Horne; Thomas Strete; Elizabeth [Mountagu (Montagu)], wife of William Montagu, Earl of Salisbury; John [Mountagu (Montagu)], father of John Montagu, and brother of William Montagu; Thomas Mountagu (Montagu), Dean of Salisbury; Louis de Clyfford (Clifford), knight; John Venour, esquire; Eleanor [Mountagu (Montagu)], wife of John Montagu, Earl of Salisbury. Nature of request: Hertcombe states that John Montagu was executed at Cirencester and his estates were forfeited to the crown for treason. Subsequently at the parliament held at Westminster on the 2 May 9 Hen. V, Thomas his son and heir was restored to his estate and dignity saving those estates of which his father was seised of jointly or severally to his use at the time of the forfeiture in fee simple. Hertcombe and others were enfeoffed of estates by John Montagu to hold to them without any condition except that they perform the last will of the earl. Hertcombe requests that the king consider these premises and ordain that he without a petition sue to the king, or make another suit, and be able to enter the estates, and have and enjoy them to him and his heirs forever, the acts or such inquisitions taken before this time or other matters notwithstanding to the end that Hertcombe may be able to perform the intent and will. Endorsement: [None]. [? 1426] Dated by the heading in Rot. Parl. IV, p.309 where it is noted that the petition comes from 4 Hen. VI dating this to 1 Sept. 1425-31 Aug. 1426. As this is a parliamentary petition it must therefore come from the Leicester parliament of February 1426. However the full details of the commission and inquisition on this matter were not enrolled until 7 July 1428, so it is possible that the date of 1426 is not correct in this case (CPR 1422-9, pp.496-9).

[15] Records of the Exchequer, and its related bodies, with those of the Office of First Fruits and Tenths, and the Court of Augmentations. Division within E;Records of the Court of Augmentations and the Augmentation Office E 326;Exchequer: Augmentation Office: Ancient Deeds, Series B. Release by Thomas, archbishop of York, to Richard Horne, Thomas Strete, Robert Sparry and William Stourton, of his right to a messuage, shops, quay, &c, in the parish of St. Benet atte Wodewharf in the ward of Baynardescastell: [Middx.] Richard [II.]

[16] Thomas Horne of Ledham rquested`his body to be buried in the Chamcel of St. Edmund. He appointed his wife Joan and his brothers William and Richard Horne as his executors. He bequestehed his manor of East to his wife Joan while she lived and then to his heirs. His lands at  Lynstede called Cambreys to be sold. His lands at Lenham and Whycheling, called evotys and Wavynes, which his father John horne purchased to his brother Richard Horne.,,, and Thomas his bastard son.\this will was proved at Canterbury. Tetamenta Vetusta.

[17] Herny Horne made his will on 23 June 1504, and it was proved at Canterbury. He requested`his body to be buried in the monastery of St.Sexburgh in Shepey. He left to his daughter Elen and to Gervase his son his lands at ttthe manor of Kenarton.iiin tail male. The remainder to his sons henry and Robert, and the one who lives the longest will get the estates in tail male. The remainder of the estate to Henry Guildford, youngest son of Richard Guildford, knight, in tail ma. The remainder ot William Horne, son of his brother Gervase Hor for ever. He left goods to St martons Pouetney in Romney. To his wife Margaret he left his house in Feversham, and properties in preston and Hernehill for her life. The remainder to Robert his son in tail male. Remainder to henry his son. Testamenta Vetusta.

[18] Richard Horne was left 20 shillings. The will was dated 1455. Scrope mentions his daughter Elianoe and her son wwwilliam darcy, son of Richard darcy who later married in 1460. He also mentions his son Thoams Scrope. John’s brother William was canaon residentiary of  the churches of Ripon and Beverley and Arcdeacon of Durham. John died on 15th November 1455 and was buried in the Scroope Chapel in York minster. Testamenta Vetutsta.

[19] Postmortem of Edward Duke of York. Yorkshire Inquisitions.

[20] Yorkshire Inquisitions.

[21] Yorkshire Inquisitions.

[22] For the following see Kith and Kin: -Nidderdale Families 1500-1700 ed. Maurice Turner, p.7-8. See also Fountains Abbey memorials pp.318.

[23] He was witness to a quitclaim by Ysolda daughter of John Russell and a widow to William son of Simon Codit and his heirs. The property in question was a messuage in Westgate bought from Richard the Smith (fabro) in the fee of Alan de Aldfeld. See Chartulary of the Cistercian Abbey of Fountains in the West Riding of York, Vol1, by William T. Lancaster, Leeds 1915, p. 26.

[24] See below.

[25] William Horner held land to the west of that held by Walter de Carlton and Thomas Hardley.  His son Reginald is recorded in the Fine of Aldefeld payable to the Abbott of Fountains and John de Aldfeld.  See Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, p. 31-2, and p. 37.

[26] He may be the son of Simon Horner. Both  were witnesses or granted lands to the Smiths of Aldfield.

[27] . Although Studley was a prebend of Ripon Cathedral, the Tempest family held the Manor of  Studley in the fourteenth century. By 1438 a Dionysia Tempest daughter and heir of William Tempest married  a Mallory and the estates passed into the hands of this family. See p.?

[28] See Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, p. 41. This charter is not dated but appears to be between the periods 1317-59.

[29] See Chartulary of Fountains Abbey p. 37.

[30] Robert Smith, held seven acres from an alien of Winchester and for these eight acres, he paid 1d.

[31] For the following, see The Parish of Kirkby Malhamdale by John William Morkell, 1933.

[32] See Chartulary of Fountains p. 33.

[33] See Yorkshire Monasteries by Jennings, p. 77.

[34] Grantley was mortgaged to Aaron, a Jew of York by Nicholas de Bellun. As Jews were not permitted to hold land, Fountains abbey bought the debt. This may be Jeusdale above.

[35] A Johannes Horner, Skynner and his wife paid 6d at Parva Ribston in 1379. Today this is Little Ribston, east of Harrogate.

[36] Little Ribston was a township in the parish of Spofforth, held by the Plumpton family in 1168. See p. 287 Grainge, History of Harrogate.  Little Ribston was part of the Percy Fee in 1314. By 1315 Henry Beaufiz was the lord of Parva Ribston. Sir William de Plumpton married Alice daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Beaufiz in 1322 and Sir Henry died in 1325. The manor of Brackenthwaite with lands in Plumpton, Follifoot, Braham, Kirkby and Little Ribston which had been inheritance of Cecilia daughter of William Plumpton, wife of Henry Beaufiz, were settled on sir William Plumpton and his wife Alice. This included one messuage, twenty-two tofts, twenty oxgangs and one hundred and forty six acres of land, 17 acres of meadow and twenty acres of wood. Sir William Plumpton died in 1341 and the lands in Ribston and elsewhere reverted to Thomas de Middleton. In 1468 another Thomas Middleton esquire of Stokeld married Jane daughter of William Plumpton, and the jointure was lands in Ribston. The Plumptons held this land in 1527. See Speight, Garden of Nidderdale, pp. 288-89.

[37] The deeds of 24 March 1526 record 6 messuages in Ribston and 2 in Follyfoot were in dispute between William Middleton of Stockeld and on the other hand Thomas Middleton his son and Margaret his wife.  The property was in the occupation of Henry Horner and seven others. See deeds of Middleton of Stockeld, MD 59/19/200 YAS.

[38]   A daughter of Henry Horne married William Hault knight, son of William Hault and a daughter of Richard Woodville, knight. This Richard was the father of Richard Wydville who later became the first Earl de Rivers. This Richard married Jacquetta daughter of the Count St Pol and widow of the Duke of Bedford, brother of Henry V. Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers daughter Elizabeth married Edward IV and was probably born about 1440. This would mean that Henry Horne would be the same generation as Jacquetta who was born about 1416.  Flowers Visitation 1480-1500, Surtees Society.

[39] It is more probable that this Henry Horner of Ribston was connected to Henry Horner of Coverham.

[40] A Thomas Horne, from Pontefract, Houden and Selby, had 4 and a half cloths that he sold for 18d. From the Wakefield, Leeds and Doncaster area a Magota Horner sold half a cloth worth 2d. and a John Horne sold one cloth for 4d. From Richmond, Bedale and Allerton an Adam Horner sold 6 cloths for 2 shillings. See Ulnager's Rolls for Yorkshire-The Early Yorkshire Woollen Trade, Extracts from Hull Customs Rolls ed. John Lister YAS vol. 166 1923.  The Account of William Skipwyth, Collector of Ulnage in the City of York 20th July 1394 to 4 November 1395. pp. 39-47.

[41] The debt was for 60d. Again on 15 May of the same year, 1454 Thomas owed 33d. which he was ordered to pay in eight days and three d for the expenses of the Chapter See Acts of Chapter f the Collegiate Church of Ripon (1452-1506) ed. By J T Fowles 1875 Surtees Society, p. 28, 42. The Chapter of Ripon owned lands in Ripon, Aismunderley, Markington, Ingerthorpe, Wallerthwaite, Gyvendale, Newby, Milwath, Skelton, Hewick, Sharrow, Hoton, Nonwyk, Staneley, Stodelay Roger, Grantley, Eveston, Winksley, Sleningford, Disleford, east Tanfield, Markingfield, Thorp, Howgrave, Thornton, Northerow, Bondgate, and Markington Mill in 1228. See Ripon Millenium, p. xxii.

[42] See Ripon Millenary Record p. 68.

[43] The debt was due to be paid by 22 June. See Acts of Chapter p. 63.

[44] Acts of Chapter p. 64.

[45] The first was for eighteen shillings owed to John Rande of Crosgate, butcher. The debt was split into two payments to be paid on two separate holy days. The other was a fine of eight pence. Acts of Chapter p. 66.

[46] . Jacob Horner ‘de Westgatt’ who was named as the executor of the will of a Marion Brown on 9 May 1459. A Johannes Horner who is named as a ‘seruie’t’’ Johannes Crosour may also be related.

[47] See Fountains Abbey memorials pp. 318-9.

[48] For the following see Ripon Millennium, p. 172-3.

[49] See Ripon, some aspects of its Civic History, by Ripon Civic society, Dalesman 1972, p. 14.

[50] See Ripon Millennium, p. 22-3.

[51] In the eighteenth century the family held land in 7 parts of Nidderdale..

[52] See Ripon Millenary record, pp.22-3. If William Horner were a carpenter or mason there is a high probability that he would have worked on the choir screen for Jervaulx abbey that was finished in 1505 by the Ripon School of carvers. This screen was removed after the dissolution of the monasteries and is now in Aysgarth church.

[53] Today there is a place named Thorpe Lodge on the ordnance survey maps just south of  Ripon and near the lost village of Aismunderley. To the east between Thorpe Lodge and Newby hall is the two places, Great Givendale and Little Givendale. Great Giverndale appears to have a moat and may be the remnants of a medieval moated manor house. Givendale was part of the lands of the Ward family. A Simon Ward was the Lord of the manor of Guiseley in 1270-80. He also held lands at Givendale near Ripon and Hawksworth, Newby and  Esholt. Simon married Isabel, widow of Robert Plumpton and had the profits of Grassington Manor whilst his wife lived. The Hawksworth estate was given as a dowry when a Beatrice Ward married the Lord of Hawksworth in 1273. In 1315 Simon Ward was Sheriff of Yorkshire. He supported Lancaster against the King in 1317, but changed sides to support Edward II by 1321. In 1326 he became keeper of Pontefract Castle. Simon received from Edward II twenty pounds from Great Ouseburn and the tenure of Drighlington and Adwalton held in socage, and Knaresbororugh held by Knights service. He also held East Keswick in socage from Richard Redman of Harewood Castle. His brother John Ward succeeded him. In 1379 Simon Ward was at Hawksworth Hall. In 1522, Christopher Ward, the last of the male line, died.  Christophers had two daughters. Anne, married Sir Ralph Neville and had three daughters. The youngest daughter Joan married Edward Musgrave. Ann Neville, daughter of Joan married Sir John Constable and they acquired Esholt and Guiseley. In 1567, they sold their interests for two thousand pounds to Richard Shireburn of Stoneyhurst. This Richard was MP and steward of the royal manor of Slaidburn, lieutenant of the Isle of Man and built Stoneyhurst In 1537,  Sir William Musgrave son of Joan Warde tried to get Esholt nunnery from Cromwell. But in 1567 it was leased to William Knyvette who sold it to Henry Thompson. Henrys great great granddaughter Francis Thompson married Walter Calverley and he inherited the Esholt estate.  See Bygone Guiseley, by Wallace Cooper, p.4-11, 1995.

[54] Thomas Merkynfeld held lands in Asmonderlande in the same prebend and  was assessed as paying a yearly rent of twenty-six shillings.  The situation of Nicholas Horner’s lands are left blank. In an Inquisition of 1609, Nicholas Horner’s rent is still 4 shillings, and based on the assessment made in the third year of Edward VI. See Memorials of  the Church of Saints peter and Wilfirid, Volume III, p. 48, 332-4.Ripon, Surtees Society

[55] For this mass 19d. was paid to the Cathedral. See memorials of Ripon Volume III, p. 309. Surtees.

[56] See memorials of Ripon, Surtees Vol. III, p. 310.

[57] See memorials of Ripon, Vol. 3, p. 326. Surtees  and Ripon Millennium, p. 31.

[58] In 1675 Cuthbert Chambers, Mayor of Ripon, owned Number 17 & 18 Market Place North. The previous owners had been Ralph Horner, Christopher Dickinson, James Cowper, Thomas Clark, John Illingworth, Hester Litchin, and Ralph and Sarah Adderly. See p. 70 ‘Ripon Market Place- The evolution of the center of an historic Yorkshire Market Town, ed. Mike Younge, 2001.

[59] For the following see Ripon Marketplace p. 5.

[60] The frontage was 30-15 feet wide (8 ells) one ell is 45 inches.


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